Nursing General # 1 : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


A therapy that acts by decreasing the body’s normal immune responses is called

Immunosuppressant Therapy

Rationale: The immune system works by the effort white blood cells being directed towards cells that have been marked as not of the body. The white blood cells then attack and attempt to eradicate all traces of the foreign bodies until equilibrium is achieved. However, there are certain diseases that force the immune system to target the body’s own cells. Immunosuppressive therapy allows drugs to diminish the effects of the immune system so that a treatment can be accomplished. One example is aplastic anemia. Bone marrow becomes attacked by the immune system. This therapy is put in place so that the bone marrow can begin creating more blood cells.


An involuntary loss of bowel or bladder control is called

Incontinence

Rationale: Patients in their older age may have a decreased ability to hold their urine and waste. This frequency and necessity for elimination may therefore increase as well. It is therefore a critical concern of ours as well. When dealing with these types of patients, we must be sure to check on them at a regular basis to ensure that they are given every opportunity to evacuate themselves in a manner in which does not promote embarrassment. As the sphincters in a patients urinary and bowel system begin to weaken, they may not have the internal strength to hold their elimination anymore. This can lead to incontinence, which is an inability to control their voiding.


Tests administered after a blood draw that test the blood’s ability to clot is called

Blood clotting assessments

Rationale:

Stimulating the heart electrically to restore a normal heart rhythm is called

Cardioversion

Rationale:

When the heart starts to quiver and loses the ability to contract effectively it’s called

Fibrillation

Rationale:

Characteristics of certain types of microorganisms that cause them to be pathogens and separate them from typical flora is called

Virulence Factors

Rationale:

A condition where a patient has difficulty breathing or is unable to breathe while recumbent is called

Orthopnea

Rationale:

An opening made in the intestine through the abdominal wall that opens externally is called a

Stoma

Rationale:

A style of hand hygiene that allows the healthcare worker to maintain sterility is called

Sterile Scrub Technique

Rationale:

A patient breaking out in a cold sweat is called

Diaphoretic

Rationale:

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