Nursing General # 2 : Nursing Course


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Glass containers of medications that require breaking a thin neck before use are called

Ampules

Rationale: There are many different vehicles for medications in the healthcare environment. One that is becoming rapidly out of date is the ampoule. The ampoule is a glass container of medication that is produced with a very thin neck. The only way to access this medication is by breaking the glass neck. The positive to this process is that there is no way to contaminate the medication before its use on a patient. The drawback is glass particles entering the drawn medication and possibly cutting you during retrieval. The common style of breaking ampoules is to use an alcohol wipe envelope. Open an alcohol wipe, use the envelope to hold the top part of the ampoule, then crack the neck open. The next step is to use a filtered needle to draw the medication into a syringe. Dispose of all waste in the sharps container.


The medication category that is most commonly referred to as the painkiller is called

Analgesics

Rationale: Analgesics are a class of medication that is used for pain relief. This category is most commonly referred to as the painkillers. They work by interfering with pain signals directed towards the brain by shutting off the pathway or convoluting the interpretation of the signals to the brain. There are two main types of analgesics. Non-narcotics can be purchased over the counter in any drug store. These are the Tylenols and the aspirins of the analgesic family. Narcotics are used to relieve moderate to severe pain and can be addictive. Because of the body’s ability to create a tolerance against a narcotic, physicians have to be careful when increasing the amounts required to achieve pain relief for the patient.


A crushing pain felt in the chest is called

Angina Pectoris

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A category of medication that causes relaxation and sleepiness is called

Barbiturate

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A medication most commonly used for the relief of asthma symptoms is called a

Bronchodilator

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A laxative with increased strength is called a

Cathartic

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An agent that is mixed with a medication to make it less potent is called a

Diluent

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A collection of blood in tissues is called

Hematoma

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The term used to describe something moving into or out of the spinal space is called

Intrathecal

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A type of medication given to help dilate blood vessels is called

Vasodilator

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