Nursing General # 3 : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


A non-specific diagnosis to describe minor breathing difficulties is called

Reactive airway disease

Rationale: A patient that complains of wheezing, SOB (shortness of breath), productive or non-productive cough might not have a patient history that is very specific. If someone states that these symptoms came out of nowhere and had no origin, the diagnosis is generally going to be reactive airway disease. Physicians can use the diagnosis and asthma interchangeably, but they are not quite the same thing. Generally a bronchodilator is prescribed, and possibly antibiotics to combat what could be plaguing the patient. With more information to act as a background to the patient history, the diagnosis could become something more specific. So make sure that you are asking all of the pertinent questions when conducting your patient interview.


The removal of fluids from the pleural space is called

Thoracentesis

Rationale: After chest trauma, or even chest surgeries, the patient will be continually monitored for pneumothorax (free air in the chest cavity) and hemothorax (free blood in the chest cavity). These conditions are monitored with regular chest x-rays. Once either condition has been confirmed, a Thoracotomy is performed. A surgical opening is placed through the chest wall, generally on either flank, and a tube is placed between the visceral and parietal pleura. When you remove fluid from this pleural space it is known as Thoracentesis. Typically the tubing is connected to a drainage system that can be monitored for output.


A high pitched wheeze that can be heard during auscultation is called

Stridor

Rationale:

The term Mild Traumatic Brain Injury is more commonly called

concussion

Rationale:

IV fluids can infiltrate into the surrounding tissues if there is an increased pressure called

hydrostatic pressure

Rationale:

When something readily absorbs moisture from its environment, it is called

Hygroscopic

Rationale:

The act of assigning priorities to patients based on individual condition is called

Triage

Rationale:

A complication that occurs when a wound opens along a surgical suture is called

Wound Dehiscence

Rationale:

A hemorrhage to the pericardium and bruising of the heart from trauma is called

Cardiac Tamponade

Rationale:

A process where fluids pass into the tissues surrounding the site of administration is called

Infiltration

Rationale:

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