Adult Mental Health Disorders : Nursing Course


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A disorder that results after at least one month following a traumatic event is called

Acute Stress Disorder

Rationale: Acute Stress Disorder is categorized by a subject becoming symptomatic of severe anxieties and dissociative behaviors that occur at least one month following a traumatic event. Generally the individual feels like they are “outside looking in” at their lives, they have difficulty remembering or detailing the traumatic event that is the impetus for their problem, they can experience nightmares or even a failure to enjoy activities that once brought them happiness. The subject will typically attempt to avoid any activity that brings any amount of recollection about the traumatic event including conversations and interactions. This disorder can last anywhere from 2 days to 4 weeks.


The illness known as manic-depressive disorder, is more commonly referred to as

Bipolar Disorder

Rationale: Bipolar disorder is a mental illness in which the subject has emotional shifts that range from euphoric highs to depressing lows. The individual will experience these shifts of emotion a few times a year or even every few hours. Even though bipolar disorder is known for the mood swings, it is possible for the subject to experience both the high and the low at the same time, compounding the severity of the condition. Generally, the individual will need to consult some form of psychological counseling and enter a medication treatment regimen to help curb the condition. Some early symptoms of the condition are seasonal mood changes, some form of psychosis such as hallucinations, or even developing a rapid change in emotional status on a semi-regular basis


An eating disorder that is also known as binge eating is called

Bulimia Nervosa

Rationale:

The decreased awareness of an individual’s environment or thinking processes is known as

Delirium

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A physical need for a drug that causes the subject to enter a withdrawal is called

Dependence

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A constant, unchanging feeling of sadness and helplessness is known as

Depression

Rationale:

A disorder that forces an individual to repeat the same thought or behavior is called

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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A condition where a sudden attack of fear and nervousness washes over the subject is called a

Panic Disorder

Rationale:

The acronym PTSD stands for

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Rationale:

A group of brain disorders that cause the individual to interpret reality in a false nature is called

Schizophrenia

Rationale:

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