Adult Mental Health Disorders : Nursing Course


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A disorder that forces an individual to repeat the same thought or behavior is called

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Rationale: OCD, also known as obsessive compulsive disorder, is a mental health illness that forces the subject to feel a necessity to workout repetitions of thoughts and behaviors with potentially no end. These can be distressing or depressing thoughts, mannerisms and actions, even patterns such as turning on lights and or closing doors. The individual gets caught in a cycle and cannot stop. OCD is believed to be brought on by any number of outside agents such as a change in living condition, relationships, death, abuse or even a bad illness. The brain is built in such a way that it attempts to catalog or correct, but the filters that allow a normal person to stop are not functioning correctly. To fix the compulsions the subject usually requires therapy and medication in concert.


An eating disorder that is also known as binge eating is called

Bulimia Nervosa

Rationale: Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa are both eating disorders that are considered devastating illnesses both mentally and physically. Anorexia is a condition in which the individual has a distorted self-image. The subject believes that they are much larger than they actually are. This drives the person to eat less and less to see themselves as they truly want to be. Bulimia Nervosa is a condition that is also known as binge eating. This disorder makes the subject feel as if they need to eat an abnormal amount of food in a single sitting for the rush of the act, then they purge the food afterwards. Both conditions carry severe consequences. Bulimia generally affects the Gastrointestinal lining of the patient because of the extreme amounts of vomiting and binging the individual exhibits. Anorexia is dangerous because of the severe malnutrition the patient encounters.


The acronym PTSD stands for

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

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A group of brain disorders that cause the individual to interpret reality in a false nature is called

Schizophrenia

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A physical need for a drug that causes the subject to enter a withdrawal is called

Dependence

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A disorder that results after at least one month following a traumatic event is called

Acute Stress Disorder

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A constant, unchanging feeling of sadness and helplessness is known as

Depression

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A condition where a sudden attack of fear and nervousness washes over the subject is called a

Panic Disorder

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The decreased awareness of an individual’s environment or thinking processes is known as

Delirium

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The illness known as manic-depressive disorder, is more commonly referred to as

Bipolar Disorder

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