Adult Mental Health Disorders : Nursing Course


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The acronym PTSD stands for

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Rationale: PTSD is a mental health disorder that is typically generated when the subject has encountered a significant and terrifying event. Examples of these events can be exposure to combat, molestation, mental or physical abuse, or even the threat of an attack with a weapon. PTSD stands for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Individuals that are believed to carry this diagnosis will complain of severe anxiety, night terrors, some complain of flashbacks or an obsessive and compulsive need to think about the event non-stop. PTSD will typically require that the subject ingrain themselves with some sort of coping mechanism, but often the individual will require counseling of some level to help come to terms with the event.


A condition where a sudden attack of fear and nervousness washes over the subject is called a

Panic Disorder

Rationale: Panic Disorder is a condition that is separate from a normal sense of fear or anxiety. Feeling tense in certain types of situations is normal. Feeling stressed in certain types of situations is normal. Panic Disorder can occur at any time with absolutely no trigger at all, and are generally a reoccurring condition. This irrational fear is out of proportion to any conceivable stimulus in the area and does not need to be as a result of a threatening agent. Panic disorders generally occur with other types of mental health conditions such as depression or physical dependencies such as alcoholism. The panic attack can last up to 10 minutes, including symptoms such as dyspnea, tachycardia, convulsions, nausea, numbness and tingling, diaphoresis, and an overwhelming sense of dread or death.


A disorder that results after at least one month following a traumatic event is called

Acute Stress Disorder

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A disorder that forces an individual to repeat the same thought or behavior is called

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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An eating disorder that is also known as binge eating is called

Bulimia Nervosa

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The decreased awareness of an individual’s environment or thinking processes is known as

Delirium

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The illness known as manic-depressive disorder, is more commonly referred to as

Bipolar Disorder

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A constant, unchanging feeling of sadness and helplessness is known as

Depression

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A group of brain disorders that cause the individual to interpret reality in a false nature is called

Schizophrenia

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A physical need for a drug that causes the subject to enter a withdrawal is called

Dependence

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