Adult Mental Health Disorders : Nursing Course


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The acronym PTSD stands for

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Rationale: PTSD is a mental health disorder that is typically generated when the subject has encountered a significant and terrifying event. Examples of these events can be exposure to combat, molestation, mental or physical abuse, or even the threat of an attack with a weapon. PTSD stands for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Individuals that are believed to carry this diagnosis will complain of severe anxiety, night terrors, some complain of flashbacks or an obsessive and compulsive need to think about the event non-stop. PTSD will typically require that the subject ingrain themselves with some sort of coping mechanism, but often the individual will require counseling of some level to help come to terms with the event.


A disorder that results after at least one month following a traumatic event is called

Acute Stress Disorder

Rationale: Acute Stress Disorder is categorized by a subject becoming symptomatic of severe anxieties and dissociative behaviors that occur at least one month following a traumatic event. Generally the individual feels like they are “outside looking in” at their lives, they have difficulty remembering or detailing the traumatic event that is the impetus for their problem, they can experience nightmares or even a failure to enjoy activities that once brought them happiness. The subject will typically attempt to avoid any activity that brings any amount of recollection about the traumatic event including conversations and interactions. This disorder can last anywhere from 2 days to 4 weeks.


An eating disorder that is also known as binge eating is called

Bulimia Nervosa

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The illness known as manic-depressive disorder, is more commonly referred to as

Bipolar Disorder

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The decreased awareness of an individual’s environment or thinking processes is known as

Delirium

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A constant, unchanging feeling of sadness and helplessness is known as

Depression

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A physical need for a drug that causes the subject to enter a withdrawal is called

Dependence

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A disorder that forces an individual to repeat the same thought or behavior is called

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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A condition where a sudden attack of fear and nervousness washes over the subject is called a

Panic Disorder

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A group of brain disorders that cause the individual to interpret reality in a false nature is called

Schizophrenia

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