Adult Immune Disorders : Nursing Course


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The disease that is also known as adrenal insufficiency is called

Addison’s Disease

Rationale: Addison’s disease is a hormone disorder that affects the productivity of cortisol, aldosterone, and androgen in the adrenal glands. Addison’s disease is also known as adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism. Addison’s disease can affect both women and men. The symptoms generally involve a darkened pigmentation of the skin, depression, a sudden weakness or fatigue to the muscles, and a sudden weight loss. If left untreated, Addison’s disease can lead to adrenal failure which creates a drop in blood pressure, dehydration from severe nausea and vomiting and diarrhea which can all lead to syncope. Hormone replacement therapy is a typical suggested treatment for individual’s faced with Addison’s disease.


A disease that begins with the body’s inability to properly regulate blood sugars is called

Diabetes

Rationale: Diabetes is a disease that begins with the body’s inability to properly regulate blood sugars. There are two main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is related to the body’s autoimmune response to the pancreatic insulin-producing cells. Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common. In this circumstance, the body is producing insulin effectively, it just isn’t being produced in the quantity required by the body, or the body isn’t using the insulin adequately enough. Without the insulin moving out into the body, the glucose cannot be absorbed into the cells so they can function properly. Over time this can cause damage to different organs or even cause severe dehydration. Treatment typically involves diet regulation, exercise, insulin injections and limiting your alcohol intake.


A long term, inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects many tissues and organs is called

Polio

Rationale:

The virus that causes the AIDS disease is called

Human immunodeficiency virus

Rationale:

A pediatric disease involving immune deficiency that affects both lymphocyte systems is called

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

Rationale:

The disease that is cause by the human immunodeficiency virus is called

AIDS

Rationale:

An affliction in which the body does not produce a sufficient amount of hemoglobin is called

Anemia

Rationale:

A disorder that affects the small joints of the phalanges with inflammation is called

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rationale:

An immune system disorder that leads to the overproduction of thyroid hormone is called

Graves Disease

Rationale:

A disease that occurs as a reaction to the ingestion of the protein gluten is called

Celiac Disease

Rationale:

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