Adult Immune Disorders : Nursing Course


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The disease that is also known as adrenal insufficiency is called

Addison’s Disease

Rationale: Addison’s disease is a hormone disorder that affects the productivity of cortisol, aldosterone, and androgen in the adrenal glands. Addison’s disease is also known as adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism. Addison’s disease can affect both women and men. The symptoms generally involve a darkened pigmentation of the skin, depression, a sudden weakness or fatigue to the muscles, and a sudden weight loss. If left untreated, Addison’s disease can lead to adrenal failure which creates a drop in blood pressure, dehydration from severe nausea and vomiting and diarrhea which can all lead to syncope. Hormone replacement therapy is a typical suggested treatment for individual’s faced with Addison’s disease.


A disease that occurs as a reaction to the ingestion of the protein gluten is called

Celiac Disease

Rationale: Celiac disease is a reaction in the small bowel due to the ingestion of the protein gluten. Gluten is generally found in carbohydrate rich foods such as bread, pasta, pizza, or anything containing wheat, rye, and/or barley. The small intestine reacts in such a way that the lining of the small bowel can no longer absorb different types of nutrients. Symptoms of this disease typically include excessive diarrhea and pain in the abdomen. This deficiency of nutrient absorption can be so severe that the body can begin to malfunction with degradation to both the organ function and neurological processes. Immediate dietary changes are required to manage this disease.


An immune system disorder that leads to the overproduction of thyroid hormone is called

Graves Disease

Rationale:

An affliction in which the body does not produce a sufficient amount of hemoglobin is called

Anemia

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A disorder that affects the small joints of the phalanges with inflammation is called

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rationale:

A disease that begins with the body’s inability to properly regulate blood sugars is called

Diabetes

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A long term, inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects many tissues and organs is called

Polio

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The virus that causes the AIDS disease is called

Human immunodeficiency virus

Rationale:

A pediatric disease involving immune deficiency that affects both lymphocyte systems is called

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

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The disease that is cause by the human immunodeficiency virus is called

AIDS

Rationale:

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