Adult Immune Disorders : Nursing Course


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The disease that is also known as adrenal insufficiency is called

Addison’s Disease

Rationale: Addison’s disease is a hormone disorder that affects the productivity of cortisol, aldosterone, and androgen in the adrenal glands. Addison’s disease is also known as adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism. Addison’s disease can affect both women and men. The symptoms generally involve a darkened pigmentation of the skin, depression, a sudden weakness or fatigue to the muscles, and a sudden weight loss. If left untreated, Addison’s disease can lead to adrenal failure which creates a drop in blood pressure, dehydration from severe nausea and vomiting and diarrhea which can all lead to syncope. Hormone replacement therapy is a typical suggested treatment for individual’s faced with Addison’s disease.


The disease that is cause by the human immunodeficiency virus is called

AIDS

Rationale: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, better known as AIDS, directly attacks an individual’s immune system so that they are unable to ward off infection and disease. AIDS is developed after coming into contact with the HIV virus most commonly through sexual contact, blood transfusion, or the sharing of needles. AIDS is considered to be the final stage of the HIV infection. To determine this stage, the subject must take regular blood tests to monitor certain aspects of the cell counts. The CD4 count has become one of the main determining factors for this turnover. CD4 is known as the cluster of differentiation 4, which is an expression of a glycoprotein on T-Cells, dendritic cells, monocytes, and macrophages. It is more commonly known as the T-Cell Test, although this is an oversimplification. Currently there are no cures, but intense regimens of drugs can slow the progression greatly.


An affliction in which the body does not produce a sufficient amount of hemoglobin is called

Anemia

Rationale:

A disease that occurs as a reaction to the ingestion of the protein gluten is called

Celiac Disease

Rationale:

A disease that begins with the body’s inability to properly regulate blood sugars is called

Diabetes

Rationale:

An immune system disorder that leads to the overproduction of thyroid hormone is called

Graves Disease

Rationale:

The virus that causes the AIDS disease is called

Human immunodeficiency virus

Rationale:

A long term, inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects many tissues and organs is called

Polio

Rationale:

A disorder that affects the small joints of the phalanges with inflammation is called

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rationale:

A pediatric disease involving immune deficiency that affects both lymphocyte systems is called

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

Rationale:

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