Blood Clots - Deep Vein Thombosis : Nursing Course


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A patient that is at high risk of developing a DVT is one that has recently:

broken their leg

Rationale: There are numerous factors that can increase a persons risk of developing blood clots. A recent broken bone or injury to a leg increases the risk of developing a blood clot in that extremity, and a complaint of pain should not be ignored. Other factors that increase a persons risk of developing a blood clot include old age, surgery, immobilization for long periods of time, oral contraceptives, and pregnancy.


A blood clot that travels to the lungs is a:

pulmonary embolism

Rationale: A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blood clot that generally starts as a DVT, then travels to the lungs. The clot blocks one or more arteries in the lungs, causing serious illness. Common symptoms of a PE are sudden and unexplained shortness of breath, chest pain, and a blood-tinged productive cough. A PE can be life-threatening, and needs immediate treatment. Administering anti-coagulant medications to patient with a PE can greatly reduce the risk of death.


The most common anti-coagulant given for DVT in the hospital setting is:

Heparin

Rationale:

Definitive diagnosis of a DVT can only be done by:

radiology imaging

Rationale:

Patient that are on Coumadin require a blood test called:

PT/INR

Rationale:

The formation of a blood clot in the a deep vein, predominately the legs, is a:

deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Rationale:

A patient that has had a DVT will often times continue on anti-coagulant therapy at home, usually a pill called:

Coumadin

Rationale:

The most common treatment for deep vein thrombosis is:

blood thinners (anti-coagulants)

Rationale:

A blood clot that breaks loose from the vein and travels through the body is a:

embolus

Rationale:

An invasive procedure in which a catheter is inserted into a vein, and a clot-busting medication is applied directly onto a clot is:

catheter-directed thrombolysis

Rationale:

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