Pain Management : Nursing Course


YOU CAN TAKE THE NURSING CLASS TEST RIGHT AWAY




OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


The most common reason that people seek medical treatment is:

pain

Rationale: Pain is the most common reason a person seeks medical assistance. The nurse cannot see and feel the pain experienced by the client, because pain is subjective. Pain occurs with the disease process, diagnostic examination and treatment process. Pain is an unpleasant feeling that is conveyed to the brain by sensory neurons. The pain and discomfort signals actual or potential injury to the body. A person may feel pain in one area, or it may be sensation that is felt throughout the body. Pain can be helpful in diagnosing what is wrong with a patient, and can be treated in a variety of ways.


Pain that is caused by damage to a nerve, either centrally or peripherally, is:

neuropathic pain

Rationale: Neuropathic pain is caused by damage to a nerve, such as by injury or malfunction to the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. The patient may be sensitive to heat or cold, have numb or tingling sensations, or a painful burning or electric sensation. This type of pain usually occurs within days, weeks, or months of a nerve injury and tends to occur in waves of frequency and intensity. Neuropathic pain is diffuse and occurs at the level or below the level of injury, most often in the legs, back, feet, thighs, and toes, although it can also occur in the buttocks, hips, upper back, arms, fingers, abdomen, and neck.


A computerized pump that controls pain medication, and allows a patient the power to control their own pain is:

patient controlled analgesia (PCA)

Rationale:

When treating patients for pain that are addicted to opioids, they will usually require:

large opoid dosing

Rationale:

When treating a patient with chronic pain, they should be administered an analgesic that is:

extended-release analgesic

Rationale:

When treating a patient with neuropathic pain that is not relieved with opioids, an adjuvant medication that may be ordered is a:

tricyclic antidepressant

Rationale:

When patients have a history of bleeding problems, the pain medications that should not be given are:

non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID)

Rationale:

Pain that is usally related to injury, surgery, or trauma is:

acute pain

Rationale:

Pain that lasts beyond the normal healing period is:

chronic pain

Rationale:

When patients have mild pain, rating 1-3 on a pain scale, the recommended analgesic that should be administered is a:

non-opioid

Rationale:

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