Rationale: Pain is the most common reason a person seeks medical assistance. The nurse cannot see and feel the pain experienced by the client, because pain is subjective. Pain occurs with the disease process, diagnostic examination and treatment process. Pain is an unpleasant feeling that is conveyed to the brain by sensory neurons. The pain and discomfort signals actual or potential injury to the body. A person may feel pain in one area, or it may be sensation that is felt throughout the body. Pain can be helpful in diagnosing what is wrong with a patient, and can be treated in a variety of ways.
Rationale: Neuropathic pain is caused by damage to a nerve, such as by injury or malfunction to the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. The patient may be sensitive to heat or cold, have numb or tingling sensations, or a painful burning or electric sensation. This type of pain usually occurs within days, weeks, or months of a nerve injury and tends to occur in waves of frequency and intensity. Neuropathic pain is diffuse and occurs at the level or below the level of injury, most often in the legs, back, feet, thighs, and toes, although it can also occur in the buttocks, hips, upper back, arms, fingers, abdomen, and neck.
patient controlled analgesia (PCA)
large opoid dosing
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID)