Pain Management : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


Pain that is usally related to injury, surgery, or trauma is:

acute pain

Rationale: Acute pain is pain that a patient is expected to recover from after an injury or surgery is healed. Acute pain typically comes on suddenly and has a limited duration. It is frequently caused by damage to tissue such as bone, muscle, or organs, and the onset is often accompanied by anxiety or emotional distress. In severe cases, acute pain often is associated with autonomic responses such as increases in blood pressure and heart rate, sweating or skin blanching. Typically, it is also accompanied by anxiety and emotional stress. In the presence of acute pain, a person's ability to function in usual roles may be diminished because of the intensity of the pain.


Pain that lasts beyond the normal healing period is:

chronic pain

Rationale: Chronic pain, or persistent pain, is pain that lasts beyond the normal healing period. This time frame is typically longer than 6 months. Chronic pain lasts longer than acute pain and is generally resistant to medical treatment. It's usually associated with a long-term illness, such as arthritis. Chronic pain can be the result of damaged tissue, and is attributed to nerve damage. But the nature of chronic pain, the fact that it's ongoing and in some cases seems almost constant, makes the person who has it more susceptible to psychological consequences such as depression and anxiety.


When treating a patient with chronic pain, they should be administered an analgesic that is:

extended-release analgesic

Rationale:

When treating patients for pain that are addicted to opioids, they will usually require:

large opoid dosing

Rationale:

Pain that is caused by damage to a nerve, either centrally or peripherally, is:

neuropathic pain

Rationale:

When patients have mild pain, rating 1-3 on a pain scale, the recommended analgesic that should be administered is a:

non-opioid

Rationale:

When patients have a history of bleeding problems, the pain medications that should not be given are:

non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID)

Rationale:

The most common reason that people seek medical treatment is:

pain

Rationale:

A computerized pump that controls pain medication, and allows a patient the power to control their own pain is:

patient controlled analgesia (PCA)

Rationale:

When treating a patient with neuropathic pain that is not relieved with opioids, an adjuvant medication that may be ordered is a:

tricyclic antidepressant

Rationale:

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