The Nursing Process : Nursing Course


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The method in which a nurse delivers care to a patient, regardless of the setting is:

the nursing process

Rationale: The nursing process is a systematic, rational method of planning and providing care to a patient. It requires critical thinking skills to identify and treat actual or potential health problems and to promote wellness. The nursing process provides a framework for the nurses to be responsible and accountable to the needs of the patient. It consists of five sequential steps, which are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation.


The systemic collection of data to determine a patient's health status is:

assessment

Rationale: The most critical step in the nursing process is assessment. This step involves collecting, organizing, and analyzing information about the patient. This is done by obtaining current and past medication information through an interview of the patient, and a physical examination. Interviewing the patient allows for data collection, and to evaluate the patient's perception of their symptoms. The physical examination should include inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.


While performing an assessment on a patient, the nurse should obtain a:

health history and physical exam

Rationale:

The identification of actual or potential health problems that may be resolved by nursing actions is a:

nursing diagnosis

Rationale:

The development of goals and a plan of care to assist the patient to resolve a nursing diagnosis is:

planning

Rationale:

When establishing a plan of care for a patient, the goals should be prioritized by using:

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Rationale:

Following through with a plan of care through nursing interventions is:

implementation

Rationale:

Determining a patient's response to nursing interventions and goals that have been set is:

evaluation

Rationale:

Goals for a patient that are not met through the nursing process should be:

reassessed

Rationale:

The three parts of a nursing diagnosis are:

problem, etiology, and symptoms

Rationale:

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