Preventing Medication Errors : Nursing Course


YOU CAN TAKE THE NURSING CLASS TEST RIGHT AWAY




OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


It is estimated that the number of patients that are harmed each year by medication errors is:

1.5 million

Rationale: It is estimated that 1.5 millions patients are harmed each year by medication errors, which includes approximately 7% of all hospitalized patients. Medication administration is a critical skill that every nurse must perform proficiently to reduce the risk of harm to patients. Medication errors can be prevented by taking a few extra steps to assure that the correct drug and dose are given to the correct patient. This can be achieved by using all available resources to become educated on the most common medications administered at your facility, and researching proper dosages and side effects on medications that are less common.


When a patient is admitted to the hospital or medical facility, their medications should be reconciled within:

24 hours

Rationale: The medications that are ordered for a patient when they are admitted to the hospital should be reviewed and reconciled within 24 hours of admission. Ideally, the medication list should be reconciled before the patient receives any medication, but this may not be possible in an emergent situation.


To prevent errors when administering medication, the rule is to give the right medication, to the right patient, at the right time, by the correct route, and the correct dose. This is known as the:

5 rights of medication administration

Rationale:

When writing out a prescription or medication that has been given, healthcare professionals should write out complete words and not use:

abbreviations

Rationale:

Medications that have an increased risk of causing harm to a patient if used in error are called:

high-alert drugs

Rationale:

When a medication is removed from its original container, and is stored in a syringe or medicine cup, it must be:

labeled

Rationale:

The primary cause of medication errors, approximately 15% of the time, is:

poor handwriting

Rationale:

Comparing medications that are ordered for a patient to a list of medications that they have previously been taking is known as:

reconciliation

Rationale:

If a medication error does occur, you should:

report it

Rationale:

When writing out a medication dose, a decimal point should always be proceeded by a:

zero

Rationale:

AND THEN TAKE THE CLASS TEST