Shock : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


A drop in blood pressure that results from a severe infection in the body is:

septic shock

Rationale: Septic shock is an extreme immune system response to an infection that has spread throughout the blood and tissues. Symptoms includes low blood pressure, cold clammy skin, and increased heart rate. Septic shock is very serious, and over half of patients die once it is developed. The chance of survival depends on the cause of the infection, the number of organs that have failed, and how soon treatment is started.


A condition of extreme hypersensitivity to a foreign protein or other substance that results in low blood pressure is:

anaphylactic shock

Rationale: Anaphylactic shock is an allergic reaction that is widespread throughout the body. It is an emergency condition that requires immediate attention. The main symptoms of anaphylactic shock are low blood pressure, dizziness, labored breathing, and swelling of the airway. The primary treatment for anaphylactic shock is to administer oxygen and adrenaline, which will help maintain tissue perfusion and reduce swelling of the airway.


A mechanical obstruction that interferes with the heart's ability to generate adequate cardiac output can result in:

obstructive shock

Rationale:

A patient that has a spinal cord injury after a motor vehicle accident is at risk of developing:

neurogenic shock

Rationale:

A patient that suffers a myocardial infarction (MI) is at risk of developing:

cardiogenic shock

Rationale:

A syndrome in which there is a sudden drop in blood pressure that results in inadequate blood supply to all body tissues is:

shock

Rationale:

All of the following are types of shock, except:

metabolic

Rationale:

An early compensatory response mechanism to shock is:

vasoconstriction

Rationale:

Shock that results from severe blood and fluid loss is:

hypovolemic shock

Rationale:

The top priority in resuscitating a patient from shock is:

restoration of tissue perfusion

Rationale:

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