Stroke : Nursing Course


YOU CAN TAKE THE NURSING CLASS TEST RIGHT AWAY




OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


A congenital abnormality that is a common cause of hemorrhagic stroke in young people is:

AVM

Rationale: An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a tangle of blood vessels in the brain that bypasses normal brain tissue and directly diverts blood from the arteries to the veins. They occur in less than 1 percent of the general population, and are usually congenital. Brain AVMs can occur anywhere within the brain or on its covering. Symptoms of an AVM vary depending on where it is located. More than 50 percent of patients with an AVM have an intracranial hemorrhage. Many AVM patients will have focal or generalized seizures, as well as localized pain in the head due to increased blood flow around an AVM. Most AVMs are detected with a cat scan(CT) of the brain . The treatment for AVM will depend on its location in the brain, the size, and if there is any bleeding.


A medication that makes a patient at a higher risk of developing a hemorrhagic stroke is:

coumadin

Rationale: Coumadin is a blood thinning medication commonly given to patients with certain medical conditions to prevent blood clots. However, the thinning of the blood makes the patient at a higher risk of developing a hemorrhagic stroke because of the chance of leaking blood vessels in the brain. When caring for a patient on Coumadin, implement all fall and bleeding precautions to prevent the chance of a hemorrhagic stroke.


A patient that presents with stroke-like symptoms, but then the symptoms disappear after a short period of time, may have had a (an):

transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Rationale:

A patient that presents with symptoms of a stroke should have a stat:

head CT

Rationale:

A stroke that occurs because a blood vessel becomes blocked is an:

ischemic stroke

Rationale:

A stroke that occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen to the brain bursts and spills blood into the brain is a:

hemorrhagic stroke

Rationale:

A treatment for ischemic stroke that helps restore blood flow to the brain by dissolving a clot is:

TPA

Rationale:

A type of hemorrhagic stroke in which the patient has bleeding directly into the brain matter is:

intercranial hemorrhage

Rationale:

An acute neurological deficit caused by a vascular disorder that injures the brain tissue is:

stroke

Rationale:

When caring for a patient that presents with symptoms of a stroke, after stabilizing an airway and circulation, the next important step is to obtain information regarding:

onset of symptoms

Rationale:

AND THEN TAKE THE CLASS TEST