IV Insertion : Nursing Course


YOU CAN TAKE THE NURSING CLASS TEST RIGHT AWAY




OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


The first step in inserting an IV is:

obtain a physician's order

Rationale: The first step in the insertion of a peripheral IV line or saline or heparin lock is to obtain a physician’s order. IV therapy should only be initiated after this order is obtained, or when necessary in an emergency situation. After the order is obtained, you must verify the patient’s identity by at least two methods, then educate the patient regarding the procedure.


When inserting the needle into the skin when placing an IV, insert the needle at a:

15-20 degree angle

Rationale: When preparing to insert a needle into the skin of a patient for an IV, hold the needle at a 15-20 degree angle. If the angle is to sharp at insertion, there is a risk of penetrating too deep, or going directly through the vein.


A collection of fluids in the tissue surrounding a venipuncture site is:

infiltration

Rationale:

The site of an IV in a hospitalized patient should be changed:

every 72 hours

Rationale:

After 2 unsuccessful IV attempts, you should:

call another professional to start the IV

Rationale:

When advancing the needle into the vein during an IV attempt, a key indication that you are in the vein is:

blood is seen in the flashback chamber

Rationale:

When inserting an IV into a diabetic patient, avoid using the:

lower extremities

Rationale:

When choosing the size for an IV insertion, choose a cannula that is:

smallest gauge that will accommodate the prescribed therapy

Rationale:

When applying a tourniquet for IV insertion, the tourniquet should be positioned:

6" above the insertion site

Rationale:

After a IV is inserted and secured, the last step for the RN to complete is to:

documentation

Rationale:

AND THEN TAKE THE CLASS TEST