Introduction to Ebola : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


A nurse might consider that a patient may have Ebola if the following symptoms are observed:

Fever, gastrointestinal illness, hemorrhage, and muscle aches

Rationale: Ebola is characterized by a rapid onset of fever, weakness, and muscle pain. Other symptoms include severe, watery diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and abdominal pain. Hemorrhage may occur internally or externally. Unexplained bruising and petechiae may develop. A rash may develop after several days. Some people develop chest pain and a wide array of other symptoms. Coma or seizures may result. Death often occurs within six to sixteen days of the appearance of symptoms.


A true statement regarding the provision of care for a patient who has Ebola is:

Providing care for a patient with Ebola involves diverse agencies

Rationale: Providing care to the initial victims of Ebola in the USA presented diverse challenges. Multiple agencies and modifications were needed to provide care and prevent infection. Communications were needed between the county sewer department, hospital, health department, CDC, and many other agencies. A laboratory was set up for testing purposes. Public relations staff was very involved. Shipping of samples and disposal of wastes presented challenges. Environmental and transportation agencies were also involved.


Aspects for initial treatment of a patient who has Ebola most likely include:

Fluid and electrolyte replacement, emotional support, control of bleeding fever, pain, and loose stools

Rationale:

Diagnosing Ebola is difficult because:

Symptoms initially resemble other illnesses and testing is very limited

Rationale:

Ebola was first identified in:

1976

Rationale:

If a patient presents with signs and a history which are consistent with Ebola, a nurse must first:

Activate the facility’s Ebola preparedness plan

Rationale:

In evaluating a patient for possible Ebola, a nurse must consider:

Symptoms, history of exposure to an infected individual, recent travel to a West African nation

Rationale:

Laboratory findings that are consistent with Ebola include:

Reduced WBCs, low platelets, and elevated LFTs

Rationale:

The current keys to treating Ebola are:

Early identification, infection control, and supportive treatment

Rationale:

Tools and strategies which may enhance the emotional support of a family whose loved one has Ebola include:

Tele-health equipment and having a family advocate

Rationale:

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