Infection Control - Ebola : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


After providing care to a patient with Ebola, the nurse removes her PPE:

With the help of a trained observer, following a systematic approach to disinfect and remove the PPE

Rationale: The CDC recommends that visibly contaminated PPE used in the care of a patient who has Ebola be disinfected prior to removal. Gloved hands are disinfected as each item of PPE is removed. Having an observer watch the donning and removal of PPE is needed. The observer is clothed in PPE. PPE is removed in a specific order. Alcohol wipes or an EPA registered disinfectant may be used. Having a chart visible which demonstrates proper removal of PPE is helpful. After the removal of PPE, hands must be washed with soap and water or with an alcohol based hand cleaner.


PPE that must be donned prior to caring for a patient who has Ebola includes:

Double gloves, a hood, full face shield, coveralls, and an N95 respirator mask

Rationale: While providing care to a patient who has Ebola, the CDC recommends that staff use the following PPE: double gloves, waterproof boot covers or leg covers, coveralls or single use waterproof gowns, and full face shields. N95 or powdered air purifying respirators must be used. Surgical hoods must be worn. Waterproof aprons should be used if the patient has vomiting or diarrhea.


Providing safe and effective treatment for victims of Ebola requires:

Coordination, training, planning, triage, and communication

Rationale:

Regarding Ebola, A CDC response team could provide the following services:

Consultation, guidance, coordination of services

Rationale:

Symptoms of Ebola usually develop in this many days after exposure to the virus:

8-12

Rationale:

The CDC guidelines for providing safe care to patients with Ebola regarding PPE include:

Training, no skin exposure, supervision of the application and removal of PPE

Rationale:

The types of isolation precautions implemented for a patient who has a diagnosis of Ebola include:

Contact, droplet, and standard

Rationale:

The use of standardized procedures for PPE enhances:

Caregiver safety and disease containment

Rationale:

This statement is true regarding the virus that causes Ebola:

The virus that causes Ebola can survive on inanimate surfaces for several days

Rationale:

When providing care to a patient who has Ebola, the following procedures are considered to be high risk:

Nebulizer treatments and drawing ABGs

Rationale:

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