Infection Control - Ebola : Nursing Course


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Regarding Ebola, A CDC response team could provide the following services:

Consultation, guidance, coordination of services

Rationale: A CDC response team is being created who will rapidly be on site at any facility which reports a case of Ebola. They would ensure that regulations are followed and offer guidance regarding treatment and disease control. Support for healthcare safety, tracing of exposed individuals, waste management, public education, and other concerns would be provided.


Symptoms of Ebola usually develop in this many days after exposure to the virus:

8-12

Rationale: The time between exposure to the Ebola virus and the onset of symptoms varies. Early symptoms usually occur within 8-12 days after exposure. People who develop severe early symptoms or who have contracted the virus via a cutaneous route have poorer outcomes than other individuals.


The use of standardized procedures for PPE enhances:

Caregiver safety and disease containment

Rationale:

The types of isolation precautions implemented for a patient who has a diagnosis of Ebola include:

Contact, droplet, and standard

Rationale:

Providing safe and effective treatment for victims of Ebola requires:

Coordination, training, planning, triage, and communication

Rationale:

PPE that must be donned prior to caring for a patient who has Ebola includes:

Double gloves, a hood, full face shield, coveralls, and an N95 respirator mask

Rationale:

When providing care to a patient who has Ebola, the following procedures are considered to be high risk:

Nebulizer treatments and drawing ABGs

Rationale:

This statement is true regarding the virus that causes Ebola:

The virus that causes Ebola can survive on inanimate surfaces for several days

Rationale:

The CDC guidelines for providing safe care to patients with Ebola regarding PPE include:

Training, no skin exposure, supervision of the application and removal of PPE

Rationale:

After providing care to a patient with Ebola, the nurse removes her PPE:

With the help of a trained observer, following a systematic approach to disinfect and remove the PPE

Rationale:

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