Clinical Basics - Fluids and Electrolyte : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


0.9% Normal saline is commonly infused intravenously to keep patients hydrated. It's solution is:

Isotonic

Rationale: Isotonic solution doesn't draw fluid out of the cells, or allow cells to draw fluid into them. It is equal with our regular fluids to maintain a balance of what we already have.


A positive Chvostek's sign is related to the following condition:

Hypocalcemia

Rationale: This sign is a sign of tetany in a patient with low calcium. You checked for this by tapping the cheek muscles around the jaw. A positive sign is when the muscles of that area spasm.


All of the following are signs of fluid-volume deficit except:

Distended neck veins

Rationale:

Emergency treatment for hyperkalemia (high potassium) is:

Rapid IV administration of insulin and dextrose

Rationale:

In the United States, body fluids are measured in:

Milliliters

Rationale:

Signs of fluid-volume excess include all of the following except:

Weight loss

Rationale:

When you suspect a patient may have a high magnesium level, you should frequently monitor:

Deep tendon reflexes

Rationale:

Your patient has a diagnosis of hypercalcemia. You instruct the to monitor their urine for:

Kidney stones

Rationale:

Your patient has a diagnosis of low magnesium in his blood. You tell him to each which of the following foods high in magnesium:

Green leafy vegetables

Rationale:

Your patient has been diagnosed with hypophosphalemia. You know that while you are monitoring phosphorus levels, you should also be monitoring:

Calcium, sodium and chloride

Rationale:

AND THEN TAKE THE CLASS TEST