Clinical Basics - Acid-Base Balance : Nursing Course


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You have a patient in metabolic acidosis. You know that their pH must be below:

7.35

Rationale: A normal pH should be between 7.35 and 7.45. Any variance below 7.35 is acidosis, and any above 7.45 is alkalosis.


These two organs in the body serve as a compensatory function to maintain acid base balance:

Kidneys and lungs

Rationale: The carbonic acid concentration is controlled by the amount of carbon dioxide excreted by the lungs. The bicarbonate concentration is controlled by the kidneys, which selectively retain or excrete bicarbonate in response to the body's needs.


This test would be performed to determine if a patient is in metabolic or respiratory alkalosis/acidosis:

Arterial blood gas (ABG)

Rationale:

Acidosis can occur with all of the following conditions except:

Hyperventilation

Rationale:

The treatment for acidosis includes:

Bicarbonate

Rationale:

Erikson's stages of development relate to:

Psychosocial

Rationale:

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