Clinical Basics - Acid-Base Balance : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


You have a patient in metabolic acidosis. You know that their pH must be below:

7.35

Rationale: A normal pH should be between 7.35 and 7.45. Any variance below 7.35 is acidosis, and any above 7.45 is alkalosis.


This test would be performed to determine if a patient is in metabolic or respiratory alkalosis/acidosis:

Arterial blood gas (ABG)

Rationale: ABG's are blood tests that are useful in identifying the cause and extent of the acid-base disturbance and in guiding and monitoring treatment. They involve aspirating blood from an artery and having a machine analyze it's components.


The treatment for acidosis includes:

Bicarbonate

Rationale:

Erikson's stages of development relate to:

Psychosocial

Rationale:

Acidosis can occur with all of the following conditions except:

Hyperventilation

Rationale:

These two organs in the body serve as a compensatory function to maintain acid base balance:

Kidneys and lungs

Rationale:

AND THEN TAKE THE CLASS TEST