Pediatric Renal and Urinary Disorders : Nursing Course


YOU CAN TAKE THE NURSING CLASS TEST RIGHT AWAY




OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


A diet low in sodium is not necessarily appropriate for:

Enuresis

Rationale: Because sodium is known to hold fluid in the body and not allowing it to be expelled, it should only be consumed in small amounts in disorders that are already associated with decreased urine output and edema.


A key sign of nephrotic syndrome in a child is:

Periorbital edema

Rationale: Periorbital edema is common because the kidneys aren't able to get rid of the excess body fluids like healthy kidneys are able to. The fluids build up and the body becomes edematous. Periorbital edema is most commonly seen in the morning when the child first awakes.


Corticosteroid therapy, immunosuppressant therapy and albumin therapy are correct interventions for children with nephrotic syndrome but the following therapy is not appropriate:

IV fluid therapy

Rationale:

For a child with a stent as treatment for epispadias, the following should be included in the parents instructions:

Tub baths should be avoided until stent is removed

Rationale:

Nephrotic Syndrome does not consist of:

Increased urine output

Rationale:

The following intervention is very important for a child with bladder exstrophy:

Preventing the bladder from drying

Rationale:

Treatment for cryptorchidism is done by the age of:

2 years

Rationale:

When a child has hypospadias, their urethra:

Is located at the bottom of their penis

Rationale:

When a child is diagnosed with glomerulonephritis, the caregiver should be asked if the child has had what illness in the past 2-3 weeks:

Strep throat

Rationale:

You are assigned to the genitourinary ward and you see your pediatric patient has had an antistreptolysin O titer drawn. You suspect the patient may have:

glomerulonephritis

Rationale:

AND THEN TAKE THE CLASS TEST