Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Disorders : Nursing Course


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OR REVIEW THE FOLLOWING NURSING CLASS KNOWLEDGE BLOCKS


________ refers to a group of rare bleeding disorders that slow the blood clotting process.

Hemophilia

Rationale: Blood clotting factors are substances in the blood that help form a clot. When one or more of these clotting factors are missing, there is a higher chance of bleeding. In most cases, the disorder is passed down through families (inherited). It most often affects males. The main symptom of hemophilia is bleeding. Most often, hemophilia is diagnosed after a person has an abnormal bleeding episode or when there is a known family history of the condition. Standard treatment involves intravenous replacement of the missing clotting factor.


The nurse is aware that a petechial skin rash is a common symptom of:

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

Rationale: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a bleeding disorder in which the immune system destroys platelets, which are necessary for normal blood clotting. Symptoms include a petechial rash, easy bruising and nosebleeds or bleeding in the mouth.


________ is a type of anemia characterized by very large red blood cells.

Megaloblastic anemia

Rationale:

________ is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin.

Thalassemia

Rationale:

________ is a four stage test used to determine if the body absorbs vitamin B12 normally.

Schilling test

Rationale:

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